Jerusalem, Israel

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Jerusalem, a city steeped in history, religion, and culture, stands as the capital of Israel. Situated on the Judean Mountains, Jerusalem has been revered as a holy city for over 3,000 years, holding immense significance for Judaism, Christianity, and Islam. The city’s ancient walls enclose a captivating blend of sacred sites, historical landmarks, and modern attractions.

Place Located

Jerusalem is strategically positioned in the central highlands of Israel, approximately 60 kilometers (37 miles) east of Tel Aviv, the country’s financial and cultural hub. The city lies on a plateau at an elevation of 785 meters (2,575 feet) above sea level, offering panoramic views of the surrounding hills and landscapes.


Jerusalem falls under the administrative jurisdiction of the Jerusalem District, a unique district encompassing the entire city and its immediate surroundings. The district holds a special status due to Jerusalem’s historical and religious importance.


Jerusalem proudly serves as the capital of Israel, a Middle Eastern nation with a rich history, diverse cultures, and captivating landscapes. Israel is home to ancient cities, stunning natural wonders, and a vibrant modern society.

Nearby Cities

Jerusalem is surrounded by several prominent cities in Israel:

  • Tel Aviv: Israel’s financial and cultural hub, situated about 60 kilometers (37 miles) west of Jerusalem.
  • Ramallah: The administrative center of the Palestinian Authority, located about 10 kilometers (6 miles) north of Jerusalem.
  • Beit Shemesh: A developing city known for its parks and green spaces, positioned about 30 kilometers (19 miles) west of Jerusalem.
  • Bethlehem: A holy city for Christians, birthplace of Jesus, situated about 10 kilometers (6 miles) south of Jerusalem.
  • Jericho: An ancient city known for its archaeological sites and desert landscapes, located about 40 kilometers (25 miles) east of Jerusalem.

Tourist Places

Jerusalem offers a plethora of attractions for visitors of all faiths and backgrounds:

  • Old City of Jerusalem: A UNESCO World Heritage Site, encompassing the ancient walled city, featuring sacred sites, historical landmarks, and vibrant markets.
  • Western Wall: The holiest site in Judaism, a remnant of the Second Temple, a place of prayer and reflection.
  • Church of the Holy Sepulchre: A Christian pilgrimage site believed to be the location of Jesus’ crucifixion and burial, a sacred destination for many.
  • Dome of the Rock: A revered Islamic shrine, situated on the Temple Mount, showcasing intricate Islamic architecture.
  • Mount of Olives: A hilltop with panoramic views of Jerusalem, a site of religious significance and a place of pilgrimage.


Jerusalem is served by two international airports:

  • Ben Gurion Airport (TLV): Israel’s primary international airport, located about 50 kilometers (31 miles) northwest of Jerusalem.
  • Jerusalem Atarot Airport (JLM): A smaller airport primarily serving domestic flights, situated within Jerusalem’s municipal boundaries.

Railway Station

Jerusalem Central Station serves as the city’s main railway station, providing frequent train services to various destinations across Israel.

Pin Code

Jerusalem’s postal code range spans from 90000 to 99999, with specific postal codes assigned to different neighborhoods within the city.


Jerusalem enjoys a Mediterranean climate characterized by warm, dry summers and mild, rainy winters. The average annual temperature is 16°C (61°F), and the average annual rainfall is about 500 millimeters (20 inches).

Transport Facility

Jerusalem offers a well-developed public transportation system, including light rail, buses, taxis, and Sherut (shared taxis). The city is also well-connected to other parts of Israel by train and road.

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